Placenta vs Umbilical Cord and Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of adult stem cell that can be found in a variety of tissues, including the umbilical cord and placenta. While both the umbilical cord and placenta are rich sources of MSCs, there are a few key differences in how these cells are extracted from each tissue. The umbilical cord is a relatively easy tissue to harvest, as it can be done so non-invasively after the birth of a baby. The placenta, on the other hand, must be carefully removed immediately after the baby is delivered. While the placenta is a more difficult tissue to harvest, it is actually a richer source of MSCs. Once the tissue is harvested, the MSCs must be isolated from the other cells in the tissue. This is typically done by using a process called density gradient centrifugation. This process separates the MSCs from the other cells based on their different densities. Once the MSCs are isolated, they can be used for a variety of regenerative medicine applications. MSCs have been shown to be effective in treating a variety of diseases and conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis. While both the umbilical cord and placenta are excellent sources of MSCs, the placenta is a richer source of these cells. The placenta is also a more difficult tissue to harvest, so the decision of which tissue to use will ultimately depend on the specific application.