Stem Cells and the Achilles

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Achilles tendon tear is a common injury that can occur in both athletes and non-athletes. The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in the body and is responsible for connecting the calf muscle to the heel bone. When the Achilles tendon is torn, it can cause severe pain and disability. There are two types of Achilles tendon tears: partial and complete. Partial Achilles tendon tears are more common and usually occur in the middle of the tendon. This type of tear is often caused by overuse or repetitive stress on the tendon. Complete Achilles tendon tears are less common and usually occur near the point where the tendon attaches to the heel bone. This type of tear is often caused by a sudden force or impact to the tendon. Achilles tendon tears can be treated with both non-surgical and surgical methods. Non-surgical treatment options include rest, ice, and elevation of the affected leg. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help improve range of motion and strength. Surgery is typically only recommended for severe Achilles tendon tears. Surgery involves making an incision in the tendon and repairing the tear with stitches or other fixation devices. Stem cells are a promising treatment option for Achilles tendon tears. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that have the ability to differentiate into various cell types. This means that they have the potential to repair and regenerate damaged tissue. There are two types of stem cells that can be used to treat Achilles tendon tears: autologous and allogeneic. Autologous stem cells are derived from the patient’s own body. This is the most common type of stem cell used in Achilles tendon repair. Allogeneic stem cells are derived from a donor. This type of stem cell is less common but may be used if the patient does not have enough stem cells of their own. There are several ways that stem cells can be used to treat Achilles tendon tears. One method is to inject the stem cells directly into the tendon. This can help to stimulate the healing process and promote the growth of new tendon tissue. Another method is to use stem cells to create a scaffold for the tendon. This scaffold can provide support for the tendon as it heals. Achilles tendon tears can be difficult to treat. However, stem cells offer a promising treatment option. Stem cells can be used to repair and regenerate damaged tissue. This can help to improve the function of the Achilles tendon and reduce pain.

 "Achilles Stem Cell Treatment - Keck Medicine of USC." https://www.keckmedicine.org/treatments/achilles-stem-cell-treatment/. Accessed 21 Oct. 2022.

 "Efficacy of Stem Cell Therapy for Tendon Disorders: A Systematic ...." https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227154/. Accessed 21 Oct. 2022.

 "Stem Cell Therapy for Achilles Tendon: Definitive Guide - ThriveMD." https://thrivemdclinic.com/stem-cell-achilles/. Accessed 21 Oct. 2022.

The information below is the recommended stem cell therapy protocol for this condition 

Route of AdministrationDoseTime (Days)Total Cells
IV50,000,0003150,000,000
Myers cocktail/NAD50,000,0001N/A
Achilles Tendon50,000,000150,000,000
Total200,000,000