Musculoskeletal System

Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Acromioclavicular Arthritis

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of adult stem cell that can be found in many tissues throughout the body, including the bone marrow. MSCs have the ability to self-renew and differentiate into a variety of cell types, including osteoblasts (bone-forming cells), chondrocytes (cartilage-forming cells), and adipocytes (fat cells). MSCs have shown promise in…

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Glenohumeral Arthritis and Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Glenohumeral arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket joint that allows the arm to move in a wide range of motion. The ball is called the humeral head, and it fits into a socket called the glenoid. The glenoid is held in place by a…

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Stem Cells and Thoracic Vertebrae

The intervertebral disc is a unique structure in the human body that acts as a shock absorber between the vertebrae. The disc is made up of an outer layer of tough, fibrous tissue (the annulus fibrosus) and a gel-like inner core (the nucleus pulposus). The annulus fibrosus provides strength and stability to the disc, while…

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Sacroiliitis and Stem Cells

Sacroiliitis is a condition that refers to the inflammation of one or both of the sacroiliac joints. These joints are located at the base of the spine where the sacrum meets the iliac bones. The sacroiliac joints are responsible for absorbing shock and transferring weight from the upper body to the lower extremities. When they…

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Sacroiliac Arthritis (SIA) and Stem Cells

Sacroiliac arthritis (SIA) is a debilitating and painful condition that can often lead to the need for joint replacement surgery. There is currently no cure for SIA, and treatments are typically focused on symptom management. However, there is emerging evidence that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may offer a potential treatment option for SIA sufferers. MSCs…

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) and Rotator Cuff Tears

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of adult stem cell that can be found in many tissues throughout the body, including the bone marrow, adipose tissue, and peripheral blood. MSCs have the ability to self-renew and differentiate into a variety of cell types, including osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes. The use of MSCs to treat…

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) and Arthritis

Arthritis is a debilitating condition that affects millions of people worldwide. The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis, is caused by the wear and tear of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones in our joints. This can lead to pain, stiffness, and inflammation. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of adult…

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) Help Tendon and Ligament Tears

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of adult stem cell that can be found throughout the body. MSCs have the ability to differentiate into a number of different cell types, including: osteoblasts (bone cells), chondrocytes (cartilage cells), myocytes (muscle cells), and adipocytes (fat cells). MSCs can also be induced to become neural cells. MSCs…

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) and Tendon Tears

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of adult stem cell that can be found in various tissues throughout the body, including the bone marrow, fat, and blood. MSCs are multipotent, meaning they can differentiate into multiple cell types, including osteoblasts (bone cells), chondrocytes (cartilage cells), and adipocytes (fat cells). In addition to their ability…

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Stem Cells and Disc Disease

The intervertebral disc is a shock-absorbing structure located between the vertebrae of the spine. Its main function is to distribute loads evenly throughout the spine and allow for normal motion. The disc is composed of an outer ring of tough, fibrous tissue (the annulus fibrosus) and a softer, jelly-like center (the nucleus pulposus). The cells…

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