MSK Spinal Conditions

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Cervical Disc Herniations (CDH) and Stem Cells

This article discusses cervical disc herniations (CDH), a common cause of neck pain and disability, and the potential use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a treatment option. The article highlights the symptoms of CDH and explains how MSCs, which are found in various tissues including bone marrow, have the ability to differentiate into various cell types and show promise in reducing pain and promoting healing.

Stem Cells and Back Pain

Stem cells are special cells with the capability to renew themselves and develop into different specialized cell types, making them attractive for use in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering, especially for the treatment of back pain. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are two main types of ASCs used to treat different types of back pain by promoting tissue growth and reducing inflammation.

Stem Cells and Disc Disease

The intervertebral disc is a shock-absorbing structure located in the spine that helps distribute weight evenly and allows normal motion. Disc degeneration, a common age-related condition, can lead to pain and disability and is caused by a combination of mechanical and biochemical factors. Stem cell therapy is a promising treatment option for disc degeneration in which stem cells are injected into the damaged disc to stimulate growth and repair.

Stem Cells and Thoracic Vertebrae

The intervertebral disc acts as a shock absorber in the human body and is made up of a fibrous outer layer and a gel-like inner core. Disc herniation occurs when the inner core leaks out and can cause pain, numbness, and weakness. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of adult stem cell found in many tissues and have the ability to migrate to injury sites and promote healing. The use of MSCs for the treatment of disc herniation is a promising new therapy, but more research is needed to determine its safety and efficacy.